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Mullah Mohammad Fazil is an Afghan currently held in the Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba after being classified as an enemy combatant by the United States's.[1] His Guantanamo Internment Serial Number is 7. American intelligence analysts estimate that Fazil was born in 1967, in Charchno, Afghanistan

As of September 15, 2010, Mullah Mohammad Fazl has been held at Guantanamo for eight years eight months.[2]

Held abord the USS BataanEdit

Former TlibnAmbassador to Pakistan Abdul Salam Zaeef described being flown to the United States Navy's amphibious warfare vessel, the USS Bataan, for special interrogation.[3] Zaeef wrote that the cells were located six decks down, were only 1 meter by 2 meters. He wrote that the captives weren't allowed to speak with one another, but that he "eventually saw that Mullahs Fazal, Noori, Burhan, Wasseeq Sahib and Rohani were all among the other prisoners." Historian Andy Worthington, author of the The Guantanamo Files, identified Fazil as one of the men Zaeef recognized. He identified Mullah Wasseeq as Abdul-Haq Wasiq, Mullah Noori as Norullah Noori and Mullah Rohani as Gholam Ruhani.

IdentityEdit

Fazil is alleged to have served as the Taliban's former deputy defense minister.[not in citation given][4][dead link][5] Although he negotiated an amnesty with Afghan Northern Alliance leader General Dostum.[6]

The Department of Defense spells his name as Mohammed Fazi.

Combatant Status Review Edit

Main article: Combatant Status Review Tribunal

Fazil was among the 60% of prisoners who chose to participate in tribunal hearings.[7] A Summary of Evidence memo was prepared for the tribunal of each detainee.

Fazil's memo accused him of the following:[8]

a. The detainee is a member of the Taliban and/or associated with al Qaeda.
  1. The detainee was a member of the Taliban.
  2. The detainee assisted Mullah Omar in establishing a temporary government following the Taliban conquest of Kabul.
  3. The detainee was the Taliban Deputy Minister of Defense during the last days of the Taliban.
  4. In November 2001 the detainee spoke with Mullah Omar about supplies for his troops.
  5. The detainee was aware the Taliban was providing the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan with financial, weapons and logistic support in exchange for the IMU providing the Taliban with soldiers.
  6. The detainee is listed on a United Nations Security Council Resolution requiring member states to freeze his assets due to his association with the Taliban.
  7. The detainee was at the Al Farouq training camp.
b. The detainee engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners.
  1. The detainee was a Taliban commander of approximately 3,000 front-line troops in the Takhar province in October 2001.
  2. The detainee was directly commanded by the Taliban Defense Minister.
  3. The detainee communicated directly with the Taliban Defense Minister on military objectives.
  4. The detainee was preparing to engage opposition forces on 30 November 2001, when the Taliban Defense Minister commanded him to surrender to the Northern Alliance.
  5. The detainee was captured on the front lines in Mazari Sharif.


Administrative Review BoardEdit

Detainees whose Combatant Status Review Tribunal labeled them "enemy combatants" were scheduled for annual Administrative Review Board hearings. These hearings were designed to assess the threat a detainee may pose if released or transferred, and whether there are other factors that warrant his continued detention.[9]

First Administrative Review Board hearingEdit

A Summary of Evidence memo was prepared for Mullah Mohammed Fazl's first annual Administrative Review Board hearing on October 5, 2005.[10] The three page memo listed seventeen "primary factors favor[ing] continued detention" and five "primary factors favor[ing] release or transfer".

Second Administrative Review Board hearingEdit

A Summary of Evidence memo was prepared for Mohammed Fazl's second annual Administrative Review Board hearing on August 23, 2006.[10] The two page memo listed twelve "primary factors favor[ing] continued detention" and two "primary factors favor[ing] release or transfer".

Third Administrative Review Board hearingEdit

A Summary of Evidence memo was prepared for Mohammed A. Fazl's third annual Administrative Review Board hearing on October 31, 2007.[10] The three page memo listed fifteen "primary factors favor[ing] continued detention" and four "primary factors favor[ing] release or transfer".

ReferencesEdit

  1. OARDEC (2006-05-15). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. http://www.dod.mil/news/May2006/d20060515%20List.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  2. ' [1] The New York Times
  3. Torture and Abuse on the USS Bataan and in Bagram and Kandahar: An Excerpt from “My Life with the Taliban” by Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef [2] Abdul Salam Zaeef 2010
  4. If Able, Pakistan to Hand U.S. Bin Laden: Musharraf Makes Pledge as Troops Scour Border, but Says Fugitive May Be Dead [3] Edward Cody 2001-12-24
  5. Afghans praise, Pakistanis slam Guantanamo list [4] 2006-04-28[dead link]
  6. Taliban defect but foreigners pledge to fight to the death: Siege of Kunduz - Victory appears close but fears mount that standoff could still end in bloodbath [5] Justin Huggler 2001-11-25
  7. OARDEC, Index to Transcripts of Detainee Testimony and Documents Submitted by Detainees at Combatant Status Review Tribunals Held at Guantanamo Between July 2004 and March 2005, September 4, 2007
  8. Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Mohammad Fazil's Combatant Status Review Tribunal - pages 1-6
  9. "Annual Administrative Review Boards for Enemy Combatants Held at Guantanamo Attributable to Senior Defense Officials". March 6, 2007. http://www.defense.gov/transcripts/transcript.aspx?transcriptid=3902. Retrieved November 12, 2010. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Unclassified Summary of Evidence for Administrative Review Board in the case of Fazl, Mullah Mohammed [6] OARDEC 2005-10-05

External linksEdit


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